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The Interdisciplinary Work of Lyss England

Posts tagged masculinity

April 27 LIVE @8pm on Northumberland 89.7: Truly local radio:
LISTEN HERE if you missed it live!

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Join Lyss and guest, Jeff Caine, to discuss topics including:
– The Stars of Port Hope Civic Awards
– An update on Green Wood Coalition
– The recent sexist terrorist attack in Toronto and “incels”
– Redefining masculinity/what men can do about this
– Jeff’s career in the finance world
– Community theatre (specifically, on-stage kissing, among other things)
– Jeff’s radio show

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“Jeff Caine is a die-hard, newly award-winning Port Hope resident. Radio personality, finance dude, and semi-professional Good Guy, you can listen to Jeff on Northumberland 89.7 on his show “Northumberland Focus”, Mondays at noon. Jeff has a long history of involvement with the radio station, has sat on the Green Wood Coalition board for several years, is involved in community theatre with the Northumberland Players, sits on committees with the Municipality of Port Hope, and sits on the Take Back the Night Port Hope committee.

A news fanatic and closet wrestling fan, Jeff is passionate about his community, his friends, and not being a complete and total jerk.”

Featured Tunes:

“Angela” (Lumineers cover) by The Hannigan Sisters (of Clan Hannigan)
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I heard The Hannigan Sisters (Eile and Ayisha) play tonight at The Stars of Port Hope Civic Awards and they sounded gorgeous. So gorgeous, in fact, I made a video of the second song they sang and came home to convert it to an MP3 so you can all hear just how gorgeous that 3.5 minutes was.
These teens also play with their family’s band, Clan Hannigan, which also includes their very talented mum, Saskia Tomkins.

“I’m Done” by Bad Cop / Bad Cop

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Based out of LA, this feminist punk band is signed to Fat Wreck Chords and released their most recent album, “Warriors”, in June of 2017.
The story behind their new album is especially powerful. After the release of their first album, “Not Sorry”, Bad Cop/Bad Cop toured often and one of their singers, Stacey Dee, began partying too hard. It began to affect the band, but with the support of her bandmates and her label, Stacey was able to receive treatment and work towards wellness.
“Warriors” is the product of Stacey reuniting with her bandmates to create something new after a significantly challenging experience.
“We tend to stick up for the underdog,” Dee concludes. “It hurts us when anyone is marginalized. I was so negative for most of my life. After changing my life, I have been trying to focus on strength, connectedness and positivity. I think this record is a good start.”

 

“Chick Singer” by Winona Wilde

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“A child of Iraqi parents, [Winona Wilde] was born Noosa Al-Sarraj and became infatuated with playing classical music on piano at a young age. At the same time, her country music-loving nanny planted the seeds for her future devotion to artists like John Prine, Hank Williams and Loretta Lynn, and by her teens she discovered a natural ability to write songs in a similar style.

Noosa explains, ‘On my first album, I was too afraid to be good. On my second album, I was too afraid to be real. This time I feel like I am as real as I can possibly be, and the songwriting is infinitely more vulnerable.’”

The woman who describes her music as “Canadian Feminist Folk” mostly calls Peterborough home and can be found playing just about all over the place. Winona Wilde‘s newest album “Wasted Time” just came out this past October 6. Lurk her facebook pagewebsitespotify, or bandcamp for all things Winona Wilde.

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This is a guest piece written by Nikki EatKS. You can listen to Nikki’s podcast, Everything and the Kitchen Sink here.

“An opinion piece from a sexual assault survivor, a mother, a wife, an educator, an independent podcaster — depending on the day, the order of importance changes.”

 

Please note the fine print before reading the article:

 

  • The hyperlinks are put there so that you will click on and read more. Sometimes all I can find is a wiki link; yes, I know that is not ideal, but more power to you and your badass research skills.
  • Reading more helps you keep informed. Stay informed.
  • This “ * ”  indicates that there is more info at the end of the article but I don’t want to disrupt a flow of a piece to point out every possible retort on this opinion piece. Always, always refer to the second bullet point if you have to.
  • Please also be aware that I go into some detail of my assaults.
  • Get yourself a tea/coffee/blanket and find comfort when you can.
  • I always struggle when reading about someone’s assault story so please, please  remember self care.

  • If you feel that you can write a better piece, please, by all means, do so.
  • I use explicit words sometimes and you might not like my approach in some things I describe.
  • If you are male and you feel offended by this article, I recommend that you do some self-reflection rather than taking it as a personal attack.
  • If you feel that this is biased or intended as an attack on men, it’s not.
  • I appreciate, understand and am aware that the violence also happens to men, POC, trans and other minorities. You can choose to, and you have the right to, pick apart my opinion piece for the lack of inclusiveness; or you can realize that the point of me writing this, opening up and sharing my personal story, sharing my ideas to you, the reader, is about coming together, not to divide us.
  • This article should empower you: to show you that you can help stop this so that your mother, grandmother, sister, aunt, cousin,wife, partner, colleague, friend, or child never, ever, have to experience violence, sexual assault, or sexual harassment.
  • Remember, we can be part of the solution, but by doing nothing, we are part of the problem.

 

 

 

With over 636,000 self-reported incidents of sexual assault in 2014, in Canada alone, I can safely say that you probably know one, two, or more women/individuals  that have been sexually assaulted. The difference is that you might not be privy to that information. In many cases, women feel that they will be judged or looked at differently if they share their experiences with their friends, partners, co-workers, family.

Sexual assault/harassment/violence doesn’t necessarily happen only once to a woman in her lifetime either.  A woman could have been raped and then a few months or years down the road,  groped at a concert or nightclub. In fact, concert and nightclub groping are more common than you might think.

If this continues to repeatedly happen to an individual, then surely it is the individual’s sole responsibility for not protecting themselves or being more vigilant about their safety, right?  Note that the victim’s safety is frequently perceived as solely the responsibility of the victim. Jackson Katz, a well-known American educator points out the inequality in perception of responsibility in gender violence. This makes the statistic about incident counts a little too surreal, because while many of the cases are reported, not even half of reported cases are tried in a court of law, and even fewer get a conviction. SACHA statistics report that there are 460,000 sexual assaults that happen per year in Canada. Out of every 1,000 assaults, only 3 lead to conviction.

While cases like Harvey Weinstein, Kevin Spacey, and just recently Albert Schultz and the suspension of VICE EXECS have invigorated  the already established  movement (METOO) of women feeling that they have a voice to speak up and out about the violence/harassment and in 2018, a new movement to support women is emerging called Time’s UP, where 300 women are fighting sexual harassment in industry in the USA. This is all great, and I hope that we never stop bringing movements together.

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Photo taken from twitter from a #TIMESUP twitter hashtag.

In the past there have been both celebrity cases and regular cases where the outcome shocked the world. I am talking about Jian Ghomeshi,* Bill Cosby, Brock Turner: cases where the victims were not given justice to the fullest extent of the law. And this is very important for us to remember. For every success in a conviction, there are still many that could not be proven beyond a reasonable doubt, or where the sentence given did not fit the extremity of the crime.

 

 

A glimpse into the Criminal Court “Beyond Reasonable Doubt” Implications, and The Civil Court Claim verdicts and What It Means

Currently in the United States, the Obama policy on campus sexual assault investigations are being scrapped by the Trump administration and Betsy DeVos, who maintain that the Obama-mandated standard is lower than the criminal courts’ standard of “beyond a reasonable doubt.” “Reasonable doubt” is why many women cannot get justice in a criminal court. The sad reality is that because the courts won’t proceed with a case that cannot be proved beyond a reasonable doubt, the victims in such cases are consequently considered liars. If one has the money, the emotional strength and it is also allowed by the courts in that state or province, then one can file a civil suit.

A prime example of this is the Andrea Constand v William H. Cosby Jr. civil lawsuit where Costand was ready with 13 women as potential witnesses if the case went to court. The case was resolved with an undisclosed settlement of cash and a non-disclosure agreement. However, in 2015 a judge had ordered that Cosby’s deposition was to be unsealed, because the information mattered to the present cases. A settlement out of court is not an admission of criminal guilt, despite public opinion. Settlements are a cost-effective way for both parties to avoid enduring the high legal fees that are associated with a court trial.  However, it is possible that information obtained in the course of reaching a civil settlement would later be used as evidence in a criminal case — but, as demonstrated with the the Cosby civil case, that is at the discretion of the judge.

 

       Celebrities are taking up arms in the newspapers and social media platforms to get their voices heard.

I appreciate that celebrities are coming out now to share their assault stories. I appreciate women coming forward about celebrities and their workplace sexual harassment.  And this serves the media well, not only to keep us informed but also for clicks and website traffic. As well, after reading further on you will see that now, sexual assault survivors are taking this course of action because the court system is constantly failing to bring justice.  

I don’t want to downplay any victim coming forward to media because that takes a lot of courage. When a victim comes forward, they will be likely attacked on social media platforms with death threats/harassment/bullying. An aside:  I also think death threats and name-calling of attackers in no way assists the victims. If you are being factual in your posts, then post away.   

However, an accomplished woman, whether financially, socially, or academically, has a lot less to lose in life by coming forward with her story years after the fact.  Women recognize the stigma of being an assault survivor, and tend not to tell anyone because of the anticipated dramatic effect on how they are perceived in their workplace, academically, and socially. When you are just 20 years old and coming out with stories that happened recently, this can have an effect on your ability to further advance in your career, family life, social life etc.  When you are in your 30’s or 40’s and you come out with what happened to you, people begin to weigh and balance your accomplishments and failures against your story. Because to the world, that matters. The concept is a backwards, yet subtle societally-accepted approach to victim blaming. If we peer into the Cosby case, that spans over decades with more than 15 women coming forward, and  apply a  fine-toothed comb for details, one can see that what a woman did before and after the assault is still something that is discussed — however, never at an advantage to the victim.  

This brings me to the whole point of this opinion piece. Women’s voices are not being heard early enough. We are not finding resolution, solutions, intervention, and most importantly prevention of sexual assault/harassment early enough. It is not enough to tell men not to rape. We have to start thinking how we provide this important information and these strategies and when we do it.

 

Changing how we use the phrase “violence against women” to give society a good shock to the system

As a sexual assault survivor twice, and having been sexually harassed countless times, I feel that this age-old dilemma is not being confronted with the right scope of solutions. After the #METOO movement began, I discovered Jackson Katz and his profound statement hit me like a ton of bricks.

“We talk about how many women were raped last year, not how many men raped women. We talk about how many girls in a school district were harassed last year, not about how many boys harassed girls. We talk about how many teenage girls in the state of Vermont got pregnant last year, rather than how many boys and men impregnated teenage girls.”

Now, Jackson Katz has been saying this for years, in fact in an interview he stated that this statement was part of a bigger presentation he did at a college 5 years prior to the #METOO movement. He continues to say that we absolve men from the responsibility. “Even the term, ‘violence against women’ is problematic…. It’s a bad thing that happens to women, but when you look at that term, ‘violence against women’ nobody is doing it to them. It just happens to them… Men aren’t even a part of it.” *

And this, this is the crux of everything we’re discussing here. Reword every statistic about violence against women and you will see that we have a bigger problem than you first realized. For example in the beginning of this piece I talked about the Canadian statistics…..Let’s reword that now, just for fun:

636,000 men sexually assaulted women in 2014.  Over half of those men will not be officially charged by police or be tried in a criminal court for assaulting women. Less than ⅓ of the 636,000 men that have sexually assaulted women will serve jail time.

When it’s written like that, it hits home, doesn’t it? We have a bigger problem that we thought and it’s been going on for decades without any let-up. So where do we go from here? We have to start these conversations young, and we have to really instill the importance of respect at a very early age. How early? Earlier than 15 years old.

 

Teenagers,  young adolescents, college and university students are statistically more prone to be victims of sexual assault/harassment than any other age demographic.

If you take a look at my first link about statistics you would see that in Canada, there was an specific age demographic in which these sexual assaults were taking place. I have included one of the many statistic photos that can be found in the StatsCan Link. The majority of the victims are between 15 to 24. And this is where I come in to share my experiences with assault with you. I am now 42 years old. I didn’t have social media platforms when I was a teenager/adolescent and I am very, very grateful for that. I am statistic that gets briefly talked about only when it’s a high-profile criminal case that the newspapers are covering. And this only if they can legally talk about it. But my experiences are not unusual. They are actually more common than you think.  

The first time I was sexually assaulted, it was at the age of 12 ( I was in grade eight) by a group of seven boys at the Catholic school I was attending in Mississauga, Ontario. We were coming back from a field trip and the school bus dropped us off at the school and it was already nighttime. I walked home with a friend. As my friend and I walked in the night, I suddenly heard someone shouting “Let’s get her!” I looked at my friend and suddenly I was crowded by boys from my school. Two of them managed to get me on the ground and three of them held me down while the other boys were lifting up my sweater to grab my breasts and attempting to put their hands down my pants. I believe that I was screaming because another classmate who happened to walk by (he was six feet tall) had shouted at them. I remember vividly getting up and walking on the road, with ongoing traffic coming at me. I was in shock, and had going through my head that the sidewalk wasn’t safe. The sidewalk wasn’t safe.

The classmate who shouted at the gang of boys somehow managed to get me back on the sidewalk, and he walked with my friend and me the rest of the way home. The attack literally happened not even a five-minute walk from my house. When I came home I told my parents what happened. The next day the boys were suspended from all sports teams and I was labelled a slut by both the boys and girls in the school. I stopped going out for recess and lunchtime and stayed in the office and did reception duty to stay away from the bullying as much as I could.  I remember one time after the incident, my mother was studying for an exam late and she wanted to go buy chocolate at the 24-hour Miracle Mart near our apartment building. It was about 1 in the morning, and I went with her because I was scared for her. We walked over and when we were walking back we were being followed by a man. I began to freak out, whispering and crying to her quietly. My mother, 5’2” and 90 pounds, looked at me and said, “Watch.”  I watched my mother in terror as she turned around and faced the man, who seemed drunk, and in a very stern voice said “Can I help you with something?” The man was frightened and I remember his stammering reply, “Ma’am, I am not trying to steal your purse.” My mother continued with, “You don’t need to walk this way, you can walk the other way,” and she stood there, waiting and watching him walk the other way. She didn’t turn back until he was several yards away.  She told me to never let them know you are scared, and to always be confident in knowing where you are going. That is all she said to me. At the end of the year, we moved to another city, as my dad was commuting from Mississauga to another city for work.

My parents never had conversations about my assault.  My parents are from a very different generation and trauma affects people differently. But that moment, walking to the grocery store, sunk into every fiber of my being. It became my mantra. I had a walk, an unmistakable walk that I was pretty much set out to kill someone. My walk was so specific that a friend could identify me from a distance. During my single years, this also made me less approachable in nightclubs. I never had a problem walking late at night from my teens to my late 20’s.

I am still self-conscious of how well-endowed my breasts are. I typically do not wear any top that reveals cleavage of any sort, and I always wear my trusty jean jacket if I look “too busty” in a top. There are times that people point out that I am being prudish or silly. I just tell them, “You know me, I’m quirky”, because really, I don’t need to explain my trauma every damn time to make a point. I couldn’t control what happened to me. Some days it’s hard for it not to affect me. But I am not weak because it affects me. I chalked this up to experience and promised myself that the next motherfucker that touched me would go down, My parents separated when I was 14, and it was an unhealthy relationship, so I am grateful that it ended. My teenage years were very messy, with living in shelters, panhandling, group homes and almost everything that went with that.

Now this might not seem important but if you have read anything about trauma, you will realize that I was suffering heavily from trauma from the assault, violence in my home, and my parents’ separation. But, on a positive note, I wasn’t sexually assaulted in this time period so yay me!

Fast-forward to my 20’s. At 22, I left my abusive, sexist partner. I tried to find a room to rent, as that was all I could afford at the time. I was working night shift as a cleaner at an office building and going to college during the day because I wanted a better life for the son that I had brought into this world:  instead of living on the social system.  I had to leave my son with his father (a decision that I will always regret and feel guilty for to this day) until I finished school because I did not have family support or the financial means to raise him. I didn’t have my parents, siblings , etc. to help me raise him, and my ex had a family network of support that I did not have.  

I don’t have an exceptionally trustful nature so I had asked friends for roommate recommendations. One friend recommended a man who lived between where my ex lived and where my work was, on a 24-hour streetcar line. So that man was who I ended up sharing a two-bedroom apartment with. One night my roommate planned a party and asked me to invite my friends. Only two of mine came because it was on short notice. All the rest were his friends, and there were no women. My friends felt uncomfortable and said that it was getting late and that they wanted to leave.

After they left there was a lot of sexual talk between my roommate and his friends. I said that I was tired and was going to go to bed. I went into my room, turned off the lights, shut my door and went to sleep in my dress shirt, dress pants and blazer. Yes, I didn’t feel comfortable enough to change into my nightclothes. I felt safer in my clothes. Clearly I knew something wasn’t right.

If you ask, why didn’t you leave? This was my home. I paid rent. I already ran away from one home because I didn’t feel safe; I wasn’t going to run from another. Because fuck that shit.

I heard the door open, and my roommate and two of his friends came into my tiny room and began running their hands up and down my body that was curled into a fetal position.  

I recall one of them said that they would love to run a Battery. (Battery is Jamaican slang for gang rape.) I did not know that at the time, but I knew I was in a serious situation and I was outnumbered. And I played possum and continued to pretend I was sleeping. The hands went up my shirt and they tried to move me to get into my pants from the front. At this point I shouted “Leave me the fuck alone! I am trying to sleep!” One of the men said, “We better leave her alone or she’ll will call 411.” I am sure that they were drunk and meant to say 911.

They left the room, and I waited until his friends left. I then called the police and filed a report and removed myself from the apartment and went back to my ex’s place, because I literally had nowhere else to go. An aside: Now I know what you’re thinking, I could have gone into a shelter. Well, clearly you’ve never lived in a shelter. You have to be there at a certain time to be admitted into the shelter. They don’t just let you walk in at one in the morning. They have curfews. I know, I lived in one when I was 16 and seeing drunks or people trying to come down off heroin at that age was enough for me to never want to see that again. This was also in 1997, and cell phones weren’t so accessible.

The detectives were very kind to me; they supported me, and gave me numbers to call if I needed counselling. It was almost a year after the fact when I received a phone call that my case was going to court. The detectives always reassured me that I was doing the right thing. That I did the right thing in calling and charging my roommate and his friends. The detectives did a better job than the crown of telling me the ins and outs of what was going to take place. They told me even that though I did the right thing, without being physically raped or having bruises, it would be a hard road for me to prove what happened.

In the courtroom, I was asked my version of what happened. I was asked what I wore. I told the the defence lawyer, the same thing that I am wearing right now. I purposely wore the exact same clothes I was assaulted in because I knew from reading that a victim’s clothing is always, always something the defence asks. I broke down many times answering the defence lawyers questions. I was asked, “Why didn’t I fight them off?” and “Why didn’t I scream loudly for help?” I explained that I was scared and that I feared for my life. I was then asked, “Why didn’t I get up and just run out the door?” I broke down so hard that the judge had asked me if we should adjourn. I didn’t want to go through this more than one day. I wanted to push through it.

After a couple of hours of recounting my story and defending myself from the defence lawyer the judge came back with his decision: there was not enough evidence to take my case to trial. He looked me right in the eye while I was on the stand and apologized to me, saying that it was my word against three others, and without evidence or witnesses…. He could not make a claim because there was no “beyond reasonable doubt.”

I was crushed. I can’t remember what happened next except that the detectives said that they believed me and that my claim would go into a database for sexual offenses, and maybe one day it will be cross- referenced to him with enough evidence to convict him, next time. Next time.

 

This changed me. Not only did I have my walk of “I will kill you” but I began to have an uncontrollable fear of men. If I saw a group of men walking on the street up ahead, I would cross the street and walk on the other side. When out shopping, or at the bank, I would wait for a female customer service rep. I would never deal with a male customer service rep. Clearly I suffered some heavy trauma, and I went into therapy to try and minimize my anxiety. When I saw men on the street I would sneer at them with my eyes as my way of saying “I will fuck you up if you breathe in my direction.”

I am one of many girls and women with these experiences.  In fact we tend to forget how horribly awkward and emotionally charged adolescents are, and the damage that can happen from experiencing assault at such a young age. I think one of the best examples is the case of Rehtaeh Parsons, where we can only use her name backwards, not the correct way because of the legality issues behind it. She committed suicide because of her ordeal. To take or to want to take your life means that you are swimming in such a depression that you just literally want it all to stop, no matter the cost.

Now depending on which news articles you read, some blame her, but in reality, there was simply not sufficient evidence to lay charges. Or the Torrington High School Rape Cases with FIVE students charged with various sexual offences. The Steubenville High School Rape case that had bullying and photos of the sexual assault circulated on social media. The Glen Ridge Rape where a girl with disabilities was raped with a boomstick and a baseball bat. Canadian Singer Kinley Dowling wrote a song about her rape that happened in high school 15 years ago.

Again, who is to say that the adults that are sexually assaulting women didn’t start when they were in their teens, and it became a “boys will be boys” mentality. We cannot necessarily look to upbringing as the problem, because teenagers and adults that come from “good family homes” are also the ones who are doing the assaulting. So what gives?

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Please note the fine print that data collection for 1 and 2 also include age demographics over 18 years old. Without including that, the majority of victims are between the age of 15 to 24, and also a high number are in the student demographic. Stats in the USA for sexual assault across college and university campus can be found as well.  

 

Teenagers and young adolescents should be our target age to provide factual information, provide guidance and support.

When I was 18 years old and in a co-op at my high school for a multi-media production course, we went and talked to grade eight girls and boys. Back then I had white-blonde hair in a Chelsea cut, so I looked pretty badass to them. I was talking with some of the girls as they brought up the topic or sex (or we did as a group for our filming, I can’t remember). The point is, back in 1994, these kids were talking about oral sex. They were 12 and 13.  It hit me that parents are terribly naive regarding what their children know about sex, and how they access information about sex. And this is before the Internet became widely accessible.

When my eldest son turned 12, I felt the urge to educate him because I didn’t think the world would.

Because of my experience not only as a survivor, but from what I knew of adolescents learning in grade eight, I took it upon myself to give him facts. Not the BS that parents sell their children that sex happens when two people love each other and only when they are married. I first told him at 12 that if he liked a girl or boy in a way that he wanted to kiss them, that if he got an erection it didn’t mean that he had to have sex. I told him that masturbation was completely normal, and that if he got an erection he could either masturbate, or deal with the discomfort that is called “blue balls,” but that he would not die from the pain.  

And then there was that bold random shock conversation at the dinner table when we was 12 that I still find hilarious, and so does he. He was sassing me at the table. I was pregnant with my second child, and I told him I deserved better respect because it took me 16 hours to push him out of my vagina. He spat out his water, with my comment and retorted, “but that is where you have sex!” And I replied cheekily, “Yes, if a penis goes in, something else nine months later might come out!”

When my friends found out that I was teaching my son about sex ed at 12, they were horrified. They said he was too young for the things I had shared with him. I told them the story about the kids I had talked with during my high-school co-op; they passed it off as an unusual circumstance. I didn’t tell my friends about my assaults because I was always of the belief that it was a stigma and that somehow I would be looked at negatively for experiencing what I did.

But I didn’t stop with teaching my son. I never told him what parts were required to have sex; already, at 12, he knew that. Instead of overwhelming him with information all at once, I did it in steps. It was set up just as random, casual conversations. I hated when I was lectured as a child, so I could only imagine how the important information would go in through one ear and out the other if I did it as a lecture.

When he was 14, we talked about consent. As a survivor, this was important to me. I told him that if that if a girl says yes to touching or sex and then changes her mind, that’s okay. And he should never be angry about that. I told him sometimes a girl may feel that the only way to keep a boyfriend is to allow kissing and touching to happen and to always make sure that’s what she wants, not what he thinks she wants.

At age 16, we had the BIG talk. I knew he had a girlfriend, so I just point-blank asked him if he was having sex. He struggled with giving me an answer. I talked to him about the importance of condoms, the different types, and to be very careful with latex and spermicide condoms because his girlfriend could have an allergy to them. I also told him birth control pills were insufficient because they don’t protect from STDs and of course, I listed them all.

I went on about pre-ejaculation, and explained that birth control pills lessen in effectiveness if antibiotics are used, or it not taken regularly. My favourite response from him on that: “Yeah, I know, (a big sigh) I was born even though condoms and birth control were used, I get it.”  I really do believe he got it. That was the end of our conversations on those topics for a while.

He came to me later on with a dilemma that he didn’t know how to solve. He had a female friend at school that was being called a slut. He asked me if he should still be friends with her. I like to think my weird casual conversations with him allowed him to feel free to come to me. This was important. He was coming to me for help to navigate the crappy parts of high school.

I asked him, how are people calling her a slut, was it everyone at school or ex-boyfriends? He replied that it was mostly boys that she had dated, but that she would date one guy, and then three months later she would be dating another guy. I told him that whether she dates a guy for years or for a month, that is her choice. Maybe that boyfriend was horrible to her. He nodded, and continued to listen. I asked him, “Does she treat you differently? Is she mean to you?” He replied, “No.” Then I said to him, “What does it matter how many people she dates, or kisses or sleeps with?” At that moment, I swear I saw a lightbulb in his eyes, a flicker of “Yeah, you’re right!” He did remain friends with her, even when she went off to university.

Did I help squash the ideology of slut shaming? I would like to think so.

At 17, he called me on the phone, a little panicked. He said mom, “I think my girlfriend is pregnant because she is a week late getting her period.” He continued to tell me that they used a condom, but it broke, and he knew that there was a small chance that pre-cum could get her pregnant. His words. I was so proud of him for that moment. Then I had to go back to problem-solving mode. First, I asked if she was always regular with her periods, and if she was going through any stress at the moment. I then told him typically, a woman could be one to two weeks late getting her period and that doesn’t mean that she is pregnant. His girlfriend was 16 but her parents didn’t know they were having sex and her parents were extremely Christian, and they were both scared. I told him that after two weeks she could go to a walk-in clinic and get a pregnancy blood test, as it was more accurate than the store-bought pregnancy urine test. He told me she wouldn’t go to the doctor because she was scared that her parents will be called. And here is the pivotal moment. I told him that in Ontario, at the age of 16, parents do not have the right to access medical information about their children.

I could tell that vital information did a lot to alleviate the stressful situation. I then discussed with him that I would support both her and him in whatever choice SHE makes. I made it very clear to him that it is solely her choice if she is pregnant, whether to have the baby or get an abortion.  He seemed to really understand that.

In the end she wasn’t pregnant. My son passed the information I gave him to his girlfriend, so she could finally see her family doctor without fear and was able to get birth control. The fact that his girlfriend wasn’t aware of her rights, wasn’t aware of her options, bothered me.

When he turned 18, I told him that I was a sexual assault survivor. I think many people would argue that I shouldn’t be telling my son that. But it was important for him to know that it can happen to anyone. That it does happen to anyone, and despite it being a horrible thing to have happen to someone, that they can still have productive lives: They aren’t broken.

I am happy that his girlfriend is with my son, because he feels safe and secure enough with someone to ask questions. Not everyone is lucky to be paired that way.

Recently, the Ontario government revamped its sexual education curriculum and it begins in grade one. When the news came out that “sex education” was going to start at grade one many parents readied their pitchforks as they felt that it was too early to teach them about sex. This is simply a knee-jerk response, because had the angry parents really looked into the curriculum, in grade one they learn:

Identify body parts, including genitalia, using correct terminology. Recognize caring behaviours and exploitative behaviours.

…which basically means that they learn to call their body parts the anatomically correct name. A penis is a penis, not a “woo hoo” or other cute name. This is vital to help children to self-advocate at an early age against sexual exploitation. If a child tells a teacher that they were touched in their “woo hoo,” it’s not as direct as penis, plain and simple. Parents are urged to properly name body parts and teach children what is acceptable touching, and what is not, at an early age to protect them from sexual abuse.*

In grade six, seven and eight these are the curriculum parameters:

Grade 6: Identify factors that affect a person’s “self-concept;” for example stereotypes, gender identity and body image. Describe how to lay a foundation for healthy relationships by understanding changes that occur during adolescence. Assess the effects of stereotypes on social inclusion and relationships.

Grade 7: Explain the importance of understanding with a partner about delaying sexual activity and the concept of consent. Identify common sexually transmitted infections and describe their symptoms. Identify ways of preventing STIs and unintended pregnancy. Assess the impact of different types of bullying or harassment, including sexting.

Grade 8: Identify and explain factors that can affect decisions about sexual activity. Demonstrate an understanding of gender identity and sexual orientation. Demonstrate an understanding of contraception and the concept of consent. Analyze the benefits and risks of relationships involving different degrees of sexual intimacy.

With the amount of evidence and statistics to point out the ages of 15 to 24 is a demographic that is heavily plagued with sexual assault, it’s time that more is done for this demographic. Yes, college and universities have counsellors and organizations. In a survey in 2016, it was discovered that one in six parents are planning to pull their children out of the new sex education curriculum. That means that for every six (or more) children, there is one male that is not going to have access to this information about boundaries and consent.

Remember the rephrasing the concept of ‘violence against women.” Let me rephrase my experience based on that:

At age 5, one male raped me, I will never be okay to tell that story. At age 12, seven boys sexually assaulted me. At age 22, three men sexually assaulted me. In 2013 at a concert, one man rubbed his ass in my crotch. In 2013,  one man who was drunk followed me off the subway to continue to harass me. Not counting the nightclub rubbing against me, a total of thirteen men have sexually assaulted or harassed just one woman.

Now the tough question: will and are these men capable of doing it again? If one is not criminally convicted of a crime, then why on earth would they think they have done something wrong?

This is not some news clip, or sound bite, that will go away. There is no epic media circus to follow whilst eating your popcorn. This is the reality of what most survivors are going through. Most of us just move on without justice. Seeking justice in the courtrooms is why we are failing at changing this. And I am fucking tired of the mountain, and mountain of women coming out, because what that means: this is not the fucking “boys will be boys” stupid stage bullshit ideology that they try to shove down our throats.

It means there is a HUGE fracture in our society, where we think not educating and instead censoring our kids is of benefit. Where the “bros before hoes” mantra, and not standing up to someone and saying this is not okay, is the convention. No, you can’t walk away, because walking away means you are letting that shit happen.

In the last five years, I know three women who have teenage daughters that have been sexually assaulted.  

I can only imagine the pain and suffering that they are going through to say how could I have protected my daughter more.

It’s not about protecting our daughters.

It’s about educating our sons.

###

*Further reading for you:

*Before you point out that Jian was found not guilty, read the 25-page court finding where the judge clearly stated:

“She may have been afraid to disclose this information. She may have been embarrassed to disclose this information. These would not be unreasonable feelings; but to say that she decided not to disclose this information because she thought it was of no importance is just not credible. To make matters worse, when given this last-minute opportunity to make full disclosure, she still failed to do so.”

You can read the full court document here

* The full interview with Jackson Katz

*  The end of limitations period in Ontario for reporting

* Protecting your child from sexual abuse

 

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CW: rape, sexual violence, gender-based violence, restorative justice, hollywood, violence against women, masculinity, emotional labour, men’s mental health, #MeToo campaign, gender

 

 

Nearly a decade ago, I read a book called “Cunt: A Declaration of Independence” by Inga Muscio and it kind of changed my life. It’s a book that’s far from perfect, but it was perfect for me to read at the time. I had been sexually assaulted and slut-shamed a few months prior, and was coping by self-harming, writing songs I’d never show anyone, and listening to a ton of Bikini Kill in my bedroom.  Although I was always told I was an emotional being, not a logical one by most people when I was growing up, I know now, looking back, that I’ve always been a very logical and analytic person. I wanted to understand what had happened to me, and I desperately wanted to be well. “Cunt” was just what I needed to begin to feel knowledgable about the dynamics behind why gender-based violence happens and empowered regarding what comes next.

So I did a lot more reading, went to university for Women’s Studies, focused my work on sexual violence prevention, and produced 6 plays about the stories of sexual violence survivors (directed 2 of them). Then I moved to a rural community where I situated myself firmly on the ground of anti-rape advocacy. This whole time, I was in and out of therapy, I was writing, I was learning to form positive relationships, and I was working hard on my own (continuous) healing process. For the better part of ten years, my life has largely revolved around gender-based violence. Why it happens, what to do about it, how to live through it. It’s complicated and layered and non-linear.

During my first week of university, in 2009, when I really started to dedicate myself to this subject, I remember introducing myself to people who asked what my major was only to have them scoff at me and tell me we don’t need to study gender and that I’d never go anywhere with that degree. During my final semester, in 2013, I remember trying to write a major research paper about the representation of non-binary gender and having a difficult time finding academic resources on the subject- to the point where I used blog posts and tweets as sources for my academic paper.

Four years later, that paper is now so outdated that you couldn’t pay me enough to let you read it. But at that time, it was pretty cutting edge and I was really proud of it. That much changed in only four years.

Over the time since I first read “Cunt”, there has been a MASSIVE shift regarding the topics of gender and, more specifically, gender-based violence. Especially recently, with the viral social media #MeToo movement and the trend in Hollywood where serial abusers are being called on their behaviour by the women they have assaulted, discussion around gender and gender-based violence is becoming mainstream. And I get it: it’s a lot to ask someone to radically reconsider who they are and the way they exist in the world, which is what happens when you ask people to critically reflect on the ways gender rolls are constructed.  But at the end of the day, I would like to believe that most people don’t want nearly every woman in their life to have experienced gender-based violence in some form, as evidenced by the massive success of the #MeToo movement. And I want to believe that anyone is capable of doing better.

I also want to take just a moment, before I continue, to be extremely clear that I am referring to women in this essay because women are disproportionately affected by gender-based violence. And even more disproportionately affected by gender-based violence is women of colour, indigenous women, immigrant women, queer women, women with disabilities, transgender women, and women living in poverty.

I’ve recently had some friends who know how obsessed I am with gender-based violence ask me to comment on the discourse rising in mainstream culture. And my over-all comment is that it’s amazing and important that light is being shed on gender-based violence in mainstream culture. With that being said, that discourse is overwhelmingly immature (which is to be expected!) and I urge people to listen to the survivors who have been speaking out about these topics and symptoms for longer than it’s been cool (even, arguably, safer) to do so.

Regarding discussion in mainstream culture on the topic of gender-based violence, there a few specific subjects I’d like to share my thoughts on. Here they are in a slightly more digestable format:

Yes, people who have been doing the work around these topics should have their voices magnified over the opinions of people who are just starting to think about this. And no, there’s nothing wrong with acknowledging you’re just starting to learn about a subject and listening to the people who have put in extensive time and energy around it.

Hopefully, by this point in the essay you already get my perspective here. But I’ll give you a metaphor to help communicate my point.

I drive a car pretty much every day. I own one, I know a little bit about how it works, I live in a world where there are lots of cars around. But I am far from a car expert. I haven’t really spent that much time thinking about how cars work, or the history of cars. I don’t know statistics about cars off the top of my head, and I haven’t spent years tinkering around under/inside a car, examining parts and trying to figure out what makes them work best (or at all). So when I take my car in the mechanic for maintenance and they tell me that I desperately need a part replaced or my car is gonna be seriously messed up, I’m not gonna go “well, I haven’t noticed anything wrong with my car, my car gets me to and from work every day and it’s fine”. If I have time, I might educate myself on the part of the car that’s apparently damaged, I might call a friend who has spent a lot of time and work learning about cars, I might consult a few other mechanics, but I’m not going to consider my limited knowledge on the subject equal to theirs. I’m going to listen and try to learn more.

To be clear, it’s not a matter of anyone being “better” than anyone else or attaching value judgements to knowledge that people do or don’t have, or recreating power dynamics. It’s about knowing when to share your perspective and when to sit down and listen.

I also want to be clear that the time and space I’m referring to need not include formal education, however, participating in formal education does take a lot of time and space. It’s not a reason either way to invalidate the type(s) of work a person has put in.
Don’t derail conversations about gender-based violence by centring the conversation around men as victims.

There are many cases where men experience rape and sexual assault. All sexual assault survivors deserve support and space and communities, and I do not, for a moment mean to diminish the importance of men’s mental health. I’d like to be clear that it’s not men who are the problem here. There isn’t even a one-stop answer regarding what the problem is. But a major part of it is the way that masculinity has been defined and then systemically privileged . A key component of the definition of masculinity is being more logical than emotional and being emotionally strong. This doesn’t leave much space for men to cope with their every-day feelings, mental illness, or trauma. As a result, there are many men who struggle because of this definition, as well as women and femmes who are, by negative definition, left to bare the brunt of the emotional labour.

Constructions of gender are not innate, they are something we can actively work to redefine- if you’re willing to do the work.

Although all gender-based violence statistics should be taken with a grain of salt, over 80% of sexual assault victims are women and something like 99% of rapes (against people of all genders) are perpetrated by men. When you derail conversations about gender-based violence to redirect the conversation to focus on men who are sexual assault survivors, you’re taking up a disproportionate amount of space.

Instead, I would encourage people to actively dismantle gender roles and to make appropriate space for men who have been victims of sexual assault to talk about it and heal. This isn’t going to happen through derailing women’s social media posts about gender-based violence.

Don’t derail conversations about gender-based violence to make disproportionate and inappropriate space for conversations about false allegations.

If you think being a man is scary right now because you’re worried about false allegations, maybe you should consider how scary it has been to be a woman or femme throughout history. Only between 2-4% of rape allegations are falsely made.
A study a few years ago found that 1/3 college men would rape a woman if they knew they could get away with it. According to a far larger study done by the UN, most men actually don’t believe that they are raping women.

What this shows is that a lot of the “false allegations” are made when a man didn’t understand that what he was doing wasn’t consensual. Again, this is related to the construction of masculinity- and not just that- the construction of femininity as the negative definer of masculinity. This is why learning about consent is REALLY important.

Exclusion isn’t restorative justice and it will usually result in more problems than it prevents.

There are cases where people are part of a community and they harm people in that community over and over again. There’s a clear pattern, and then when confronted with being called in (not out), they repeatedly get defensive, aggressive, and refuse to listen and (un)learn. In that case, I think it’s perfectly acceptable to ask someone not to be part of a space/venue/show/event/whatever. There are also situations where a survivor may not feel safe being around someone who has harmed them, and that’s valid and well worth working to navigate, based on the specifics of the situation.

There’s this thing that often happens now in popular culture (and in communities) where someone is exposed for something problematic they’ve done and then everyone either jumps on the “I’m so edgy” bandwagon (spoiler: condoning people hurting other people isn’t edgy, it’s just shitty) or boycotts their existence. The person accused of perpetrating harm immediately gets banned from community spaces, blacklisted from work opportunities, and abandoned by a good portion of their support system.

I get why this happens. It’s a reaction that many feel is justified, and I believe in providing space for that. But I also don’t think it’s particularly useful in a larger context. When we position people as inherently a perpetrator or inherently a victim, we do justice to no one. Reducing anyone to such a simple definition simply doesn’t allow for the root issues to be addressed or for working towards a place of healing, learning, or reconciliation.

That being said, restorative justice and accountability are complicated and fuelled concepts that don’t have any definite definition. I recommending reading up about it and talking about it a lot. It’s really complex.

There’s so much more to say, but I’m so tired. I’m excited for these conversations to be on the table in mainstream Canadian culture, not just in women’s studies classrooms or rape crisis centres or teenage girls’ bedroom floors. But there is a lot of work to do, and there will be growing pains. Please. Do the work, listen to survivors, and do better. Because we are all capable of doing better.

 

By Lyss England

A few nights ago, there was a fatal shooting at my local hospital. A couple in their 70s who had been spending the summer, as usual, in Northumberland County were patients in the hospital for undisclosed reasons when the husband, Tom Ryan, shot his wife, Helen Ryan, before being shot and killed by police. Immediately, there were vague reports released on social media by local media, and immediately, people began speculating.

The overwhelming response I observed was that it was a mercy killing where Helen must have been terminally ill and her husband, graciously, had agreed to end her suffering. Within the next day, the story was uncovered that Tom had been a “violent, horrible man” who Helen’s cousin, Connie Woodcock, had expected would potentially kill her eventually.

“I did expect him to kill her sometime. We are all shocked it happened, but not terribly surprised,” Connie told Northumberland Today’s Pete Fisher.

I’d like to believe that the reason so many people immediately assumed this to be a mercy killing is due to people wanting to believe the best about one another. However, I think that this reaction is also, at least partially, due to our culture’s tendency towards sticking our heads into the sand when it comes to intimate partner violence and unhealthy dynamics in relationships. Maybe it even has something to do with the dynamics associated with ageism, where few people realize that domestic violence is an issue for seniors who have been married for a long time.

Even with the #MeToo campaign going viral, and the more local expression of solidarity with survivors of gender-based violence, Take Back the Night Port Hope in the very recent past, there were only a few women I knew who were whispering amongst each other, do you think this may have been intimate partner violence?

The standard gendered expectations are often our default: he was protecting her. As it turns out, Tom Ryan had been controlling for a long time in ways that many intimate partner violence survivors can relate to. Helen’s cousin Connie told Pete Fisher,

“He had threatened Helen many times. She had no money of her own,” she said. “I thought at times that she was right over the edge too, except when I spent time with her she started to be more normal and like the person I knew as a kid. He completely had her under his thumb.”

This kind of behaviour is common in many relationships. Sometimes it is obvious to friends and family members, but often, it’s far more subtle. In fact, there are similar toxic relationship habits that are relatable for far too many people. Some of these habits may include:

  • Feeling as though your partner is your “everything”
  • Constant communication (phoning your partner multiple times throughout the day, getting angry when they don’t respond instantly to texts)
  • Expecting your partner to solve your problems
  • Expecting your partner to change for you
  • Spending little to no time with your friends, only spending time with your partner
  • “Keeping score”
  • Being dishonest to “keep the peace”/Being afraid that if you don’t be dishonest to “keep the peace”, that your partner may be so upset that they may harm you or themself
  • Threatening suicide or self-harm if your partner does something you don’t want them to/tries to leave
  • You guilt your partner into doing what you want them to do/not doing what they want to do

Sometimes, it can be really dangerous for women to leave abusive or unhealthy relationships. Sometimes, it can also be really dangerous for men to leave abusive or unhealthy relationships too, but the reality of the situation is that women are disproportionately affected by intimate partner violence. And even more disproportionately affected by intimate partner violence is women of colour, indigenous women, immigrant women, queer women, women with disabilities, transgender women, and women living in poverty.

Regardless of identity, one way to work towards less intimate partner violence is to talk about healthy relationships. Some qualities of healthy relationships include:

  • Regular check-ins/Setting aside time to communicate (being honest about what’s going on for you and asking how things are going regarding the relationship for your partner goes a REALLY long way)
  • Respecting each other’s privacy
  • Knowing and being able to list positive qualities of your partner’s close friends
  • Thinking your partner has good ideas
  • You trust your partner
  • You appreciate and value your partners growth
  • You support your partner in their goals and accomplishments that they’re proud of
  • You can name things your partner enjoys
  • Even when you argue, you are able to acknowledge that your partner’s feelings are valid and that they have some good points that you may just disagree with
  • You compliment your partner
  • You enjoy spending time with your partner
  • You say positive things about your partner to other people
  • You and your partner each have your own friends, hobbies, and interests, as well as shared friends, hobbies, and interests

It’s important to talk about these things. It’s also important to talk about the role toxic masculinity played in this murder, as well as in intimate partner violence in general. While women are expected in our culture to be polite, caring, and submissive (an expectation that is changing, but still systemically ingrained in Canadian society), men are expected to be the opposite. Strong, emotionless but for anger, controlling, in charge. Basically, constructs of masculinity encourage a kind of spiritual death that isolates and dehumanizes men, and feeds violent behaviour, especially in relation to women, who are constructed as opposite these highly-prized masculine traits.

While constructs of femininity have been and are continuously going through a radical reconstruction, constructs of masculinity, by their nature, have not evolved in the same way. Further, the radical reconstruction of feminine gender appears, in 2017 Small Town Ontario, to be causing a reaction in the form of hypermasculinity. It makes sense- an action results in an equal or greater reaction.

So let this be a call of anyone who bothers reading this to work harder on doing that work that healthy relationships require and to magnify is voices of survivors of intimate partner and gender-based violence.

And let this be a call to the men reading this to do that work required to redefine masculinity- because the current construct isn’t working for anyone, when you really think about it.

Resources (to be added to):

Healthy Relationships- LoveisRespect.org

50 Characteristic of Healthy Relationships- Psychology Today

Healthy Relationships vs. Unhealthy Relationships- Kids Help Phone

10 Habits of Couples in Strong and Healthy Relationships- Bustle

Worried Your Partner is Emotionally Abusive?- Everyday Feminism

10 Toxic Relationship Habits- Everyday Feminism

How to Recognize and Respond to Intimate Partner Violence- Everyday Feminism